The first newspaper in India was The Bengal Gazette started in 1780 and was printed under the British Raj by James Augustus Hicky. It was also known as the ‘Calcutta General Advertiser. After The Bengal Gazette, Other newspapers came to light, such as The India Gazette, The Calcutta Gazette, The Madras Courier (1785), and The Bombay Herald (1789).
Newspapers in India are the hypocritical trend of the general public. It is hard for the country’s people without newspapers. Its major role is to act as the superintendent of the country, besides this, it is also important for education, sports, politics, current affairs, and entertainment. In other words, we can say that the printed means passing on current information.
For Journalism in India, the year 1857 is known as the evolution year. This year is marked by the distribution of the Indian press and British press. The first edition of “The Times of India” was published by Robert Knight In the year 1861. “Amrit Bazar Patrika” was started in the year 1868, this newspaper mainly focused upon the social agents and the political leaders and started endowing in the field of journalism.
During British rule, Indian newspapers excessively participated in the struggle for India’s freedom. The role of newspapers was changed after Independence and it has become industrialized and started employing a large number of people.
The information in Modern India is updated by several agencies. Currently, India has four major news agencies – Press Trust of India, United News of India, Samachar Bharati, and Hindusthan Samachar. The role of newspapers is to be understood very carefully, as it is the lifeline of a nation as well as for society.
|Date||Name of Newspaper||Founder|
|First Newspaper in India||29th January 1780||“Bengal Gazette” or “Hicky’s Gazette”||James Augustus Hicky|
|First Hindi Newspaper in India||30th May 1826||Udant Martand||Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla|
|First Edition of “Times of India”||1861||Times of India||Robert Knight|
List of Famous Newspaper and their year
|Newspaper||Date or Year||Name of Founder/Editor|
|Bengal Gazette||29th January 1780||James Augustus Hicky|
|Udant Martand||30th May 1826||Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla|
|Calcutta Chronicle||1811||James Silk Buckingham|
|The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce||3rd November 1838||Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar|
|Times of India(The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce renamed)||1861||Robert Knight|
|Amrit Bazar Patrika||20th February 1868||Sisir Kumar Ghose,
Moti Lal Ghosh
|Kesari||4 January 1881||Bal Gangadhar Tilak|
|Mahratta||1880-81||Bal Gangadhar Tilak|
|National Herald||9 September 1938||Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru|
|Sambad Kaumudi||1822||Raja Ram Mohan Roy|
|Mirat-ul-Akhbar||1822||Raja Ram Mohan Roy|
|Bombay Samachar||1822||Fardaonji Murzban|
|The Hindu||20 September 1878||G. Subramania Iyer|
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