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History of Newspaper in India

The first newspaper in India was The Bengal Gazette started in 1780 and was printed under the British Raj by James Augustus Hicky. It was also known as the ‘Calcutta General Advertiser. After The Bengal Gazette, Other newspapers came to light, such as The India Gazette, The Calcutta Gazette, The Madras Courier (1785), and The Bombay Herald (1789).

Newspapers in India are the hypocritical trend of the general public. It is hard for the country’s people without newspapers. Its major role is to act as the superintendent of the country, besides this, it is also important for education, sports, politics, current affairs, and entertainment. In other words, we can say that the printed means passing on current information.
For Journalism in India, the year 1857 is known as the evolution year. This year is marked by the distribution of the Indian press and British press. The first edition of “The Times of India” was published by Robert Knight In the year 1861. “Amrit Bazar Patrika” was started in the year 1868, this newspaper mainly focused upon the social agents and the political leaders and started endowing in the field of journalism.
During British rule, Indian newspapers excessively participated in the struggle for India’s freedom. The role of newspapers was changed after Independence and it has become industrialized and started employing a large number of people.

The information in Modern India is updated by several agencies. Currently, India has four major news agencies – Press Trust of India, United News of India, Samachar Bharati, and Hindusthan Samachar. The role of newspapers is to be understood very carefully, as it is the lifeline of a nation as well as for society.

Important Newspapers

Date Name of Newspaper Founder
First Newspaper in India 29th January 1780 Bengal Gazette” or “Hicky’s Gazette” James Augustus Hicky
First Hindi Newspaper in India 30th May 1826 Udant Martand Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla
First Edition of “Times of India” 1861 Times of India Robert Knight

List of Famous Newspaper and their year

Newspaper Date or Year Name of Founder/Editor
Bengal Gazette 29th January 1780 James Augustus Hicky
Udant Martand 30th May 1826 Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla
Calcutta Chronicle 1811 James Silk Buckingham
The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce 3rd November 1838 Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar
Times of India(The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce renamed) 1861 Robert Knight
Amrit Bazar Patrika 20th February 1868 Sisir Kumar Ghose,
Moti Lal Ghosh
Kesari 4 January 1881 Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Mahratta 1880-81 Bal Gangadhar Tilak
National Herald 9 September 1938 Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Sambad Kaumudi 1822 Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Mirat-ul-Akhbar 1822 Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Bombay Samachar 1822 Fardaonji Murzban
The Hindu 20 September 1878 G. Subramania Iyer

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