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A brief history of Bootstrap

Bootstrap was created at Twitter in mid-2010. This is developed by Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton at Twitter. It was released as an open-source product in August 2011 on GitHub. It is a free and open-source CSS framework directed at responsive, mobile-first front-end web development.

It is a combination of CSS and JavaScript-based design templates for:

  • Typography
  • Forms
  • Buttons
  • Navigation
  • Other interface components

Old Versions

In Jan 2012, Bootstrap 2 was released, which added built-in support for Glyphicons, and other new components, as well as changes to many of the existing components. This version supports responsive web layout, meaning the layout of web pages adjusts dynamically, taking into account the characteristics of the device used (whether desktop, tablet, or mobile phone).
The next version, Bootstrap 3, was released in Aug 2013. It updated components to use flat design and a mobile-first approach.

Current Version

Mark announced Bootstrap 4 in Oct 2014. The first alpha version was released in Aug 2015. The first beta version was released on 10 Aug 2017. Mark suspended work on Bootstrap 3 on Sep 2016, to free up time to work on Bootstrap 4. Bootstrap 4 was finalized on January 18, 2018.

Bootstrap 5 Alpha

Bootstrap 5 Alpha was officially released on 16 Jun 2020, although an experimental version of the package, created by Material Design for Bootstrap based on a developer version of the Alpha already surfaced the web weeks before. Version 5 Alpha is currently the latest version of the package.

Why use it?

It is a framework to help you design websites faster and easily. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Mobile-first styles
  • Friendly Browsers Support
  • New SVG sprite
  • Easy to get started
  • Responsive design

What Bootstrap Package Includes?

  • Scaffolding − It provides a basic structure with Grid System, link styles, and background. This is covered in detail in the section Bootstrap Basic Structure
  • CSS − It comes with the feature of global CSS settings, fundamental HTML elements styled and enhanced with extensible classes, and an advanced grid system. This is covered in detail in the section Bootstrap with CSS.
  • Components − It contains over a dozen reusable components built to provide iconography, dropdowns, navigation, alerts, pop-overs, and much more. This is covered in detail in the section Layout Components.
  • JavaScript Plugins − It contains over a dozen custom jQuery plugins. You can easily include them all, or one by one. This is covered in detail in the section Bootstrap Plugins.
  • Customize − You can customize its components, LESS variables, and jQuery plugins to get your very own version.

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