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A Brief History of Mac


Mac is an abbreviation of Macintosh. It was developed by the American computer company Apple Inc. The first Macintosh was popularized on January 24, 1984, by Steve Jobs. The Macintosh broadcast the age of graphical interface (GUI) systems, and it inspired Microsoft Corporation to develop its own GUI, the Windows OS.

A project named Macintosh started in the late 1970s with Jef Raskin(an Apple employee). In September 1979, Raskin was sanctioned by the administration of Apple Inc. to start hiring for the project, and he started to search for engineers who could put together a prototype.

Over the years, an outsized development team was hired by Raskin, that was able to design and build the first Macintosh hardware and software; besides Raskin, Atkinson, and Smith, the team member are Joanna Hoffman, Chris Espinosa, George Crow, Bruce Horn, Jerry Manock, Susan Kare, Andy Hertzfeld, and Daniel Kottke.

Marketing and further development

Apple’s marketing for the introduction of the Macintosh focused heavily on its operating system’s intuitive simple use. Unlike virtually all other contemporary PCs, the Mac OS was graphically based.

Instead of typing commands and directory paths at text prompts, the users of this OS could move a mouse pointer to visually navigate the Finder—a series of virtual folders and files, represented by icons. In the 1980s Apple allowed Microsoft to use certain aspects of the Mac interface in early versions of Windows. However, apart from a quick period within the 1990s, Mac OS has never been licensed to be used with computers made by manufacturers aside from Apple.

Later Mac OS releases introduced features like Internet file sharing, network browsing, and multiple user accounts. In 1996 Apple acquired rival NeXT Computers that was founded by Steve Jobs after his departure from Apple. In 2001 the corporate unrolled Mac OS X, a major redesign supported both the NextStep system and Apple’s most up-to-date OS release. OS X ran on a UNIX kernel (core software code) and offered technical advances like memory protection and preemptive multitasking, alongside a more versatile Finder, an elegant-looking interface called Aqua, and a graphical “Dock” bar for launching frequently used applications.

Updates to OS X added features like automated backups and a “Dashboard” manager for little, handy applications called widgets. From 2007 Apple unveiled a variety of mobile devices that would access the web, including the iPhone smartphone and therefore the iPad tablet computer. Apple soon emphasized the power of OS X to attach to these devices.

In 2011 Apple introduced iCloud, a cloud computing service that allowed users to share data among all of their Apple devices, for both OS X and therefore the mobile OS iOS. Apple added more features allowing connectivity between devices to successive updates of OS X, iOS, and later watchOS (the OS for the Apple Watch smartwatch). These features included the power to receive phone calls (made to the iPhone) and also mean of quickly sharing data (such as photos and text) among devices.

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